Features | Partner Sites | Information | LinkXpress
Sign In
Schiller
TeraRecon
GLOBETECH PUBLISHING LLC

3D Imaging of a Paleolithic Child’s Skull Shows Possible Violent Head Trauma

By Medimaging International staff writers
Posted on 07 Aug 2014
Image: 3D CT reconstruction of skull compound fracture and endocranial surface changes in a child born during the Paleolithic era (Photo courtesy of PLOS PNE).
Image: 3D CT reconstruction of skull compound fracture and endocranial surface changes in a child born during the Paleolithic era (Photo courtesy of PLOS PNE).
Imaging findings of a Paleolithic child who lived approximately 100,000 years ago was at first thought to have a skull lesion that resulted from a trauma that healed. The child, found at Qafzeh in lower Galilee, Israel, died at about 12-13 years old, but the situation surrounding the child’s death remains enigmatic. To better determine the injury, the study’s investigators reappraised the child’s impact wound using three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) imaging, which allows scientists to better to examine the inner bone lesions, to evaluate their impact on soft tissues, and to estimate brain size to reconstruct the events surrounding the skull trauma.

The scanning was performed by the Brillance iCT 256 system, developed by Philips Medical (Best, The Netherlands). The findings were published July 23, 2014, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Dr. Hélène Coqueugniot and colleagues from Des Chercheurs de l'Institut des Sciences Moléculaires (CNRS)-Université de Bordeaux (France) and Ecole Pratique des hautes Etudes (EPHE; Paris, France).

The 3D reconstruction revealed that the child’s skull fracture appears to be compound, with a broken piece depressed in the skull, surrounded by linear fractures. The investigators suggested that this fracture type typically results from a blunt force trauma, frequently a consequence of interpersonal violence, but can also occur accidentally. The depressed fracture was most probably caused a moderate traumatic brain injury, possibly resulting in personality changes, trouble controlling movements, and difficulty in social communication.

The researchers concluded that the child represents the oldest existing documented human case of severe skull trauma from south-western Asia. Furthermore, the child appears to have received special social attention after death, as the body positioning seems intentional with two deer antlers lying on the upper part of the teenager’s chest, likely suggesting a deliberate ceremonial burial.

Dr. Coqueugniot added, “Digital imaging and 3D reconstruction evidenced the oldest traumatic brain injury in a Paleolithic child. Post-traumatic neuropsychological disorders could have impaired social life of this individual who was buried, when teenager, with a special ritual raising the question of compassion in prehistory.”

Related Links:

CNRS-Université de Bordeaux
Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes



Channels

MRI

view channel

New MRI Procedure Can Accurately Classify or Rule Out Suspected Prostate Carcinoma

A novel noninvasive Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) method has been developed to detect or rule out prostate carcinomas. The method, known as multi-parametric prostate MRI, enables physicians to probe prostate tissue cellular density, and anatomical features, and is the most reliable procedure currently available for... Read more

Nuclear medicine

view channel

Construction of Australian Nuclear Medicine Production Plant Begins

The new facility is being built as part of the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO; NSW, Australia) Nuclear Medicine (ANM) project, and includes an investment of USD 168.8 by the Australian government. The ANM project also includes the construction of a Synroc plant for treatment of radioactive... Read more

General/Advanced Imaging

view channel
Image: Measuring the Magnetic Activity in the Brain of a Child, Using a MEG machine. (Photo courtesy of Children\'s Hospital of Philadelphia).

Study Suggests Language Delay Linked to Chromosome Deletion in Children with Neurological Disorders

A study found that children with neuro-developmental problems born with DNA duplications or deletions on part of chromosome 16, show measurable delays in their ability to process sound and language.... Read more

Imaging IT

view channel
Image: Carestream Vue Cardio PACS (Photo courtesy of Carestream).

PACS with Patient-Centric Dashboard and Advanced Imaging Tools Revealed

An upgrade for a Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS) has been demonstrated at the 2015 European Congress of Radiology in Vienna (Austria). The Vue Cardio PACS by Carestream (Rochester,... Read more

Industry News

view channel
Image: Toshiba's new medical imaging systems plant in Penang, Malaysia (Photo courtesy of Toshiba).

Toshiba Medical Builds Manufacturing Facility in Southeast Asia

A manufacturing facility built in Bayan Lepas (Penang, Malaysia) by Toshiba Medical Systems Corporation (Otawara, Japan) will produce diagnostic imaging systems. The new 8,582-m2 facility cost JPY 1.... Read more
 

Events

05 Mar 2015 - 08 Mar 2015
Copyright © 2000-2015 Globetech Media. All rights reserved.